Distilled Spirits – Brandy – Chilean Pisco (3)

Distilled Spirits – Brandy – Chilean Pisco (3)

At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the pisco industry in Chile was composed of small distilleries with their own brands and markets. Initially, in Chile, it was believed that the term “pisco” was of Peruvian origin. However, various literary and lexicographical works began to recognize pisco as a cherished brandy produced in both Peru and Chile.

In 1900, Aníbal Echeverría y Reyes, in his work “Voces chilenas,” defined pisco as “a certain type of brandy.” Manuel Antonio Román, a Chilean priest and lexicographer, in his “Dictionary of Chileanisms and Other Vicious Locutions” (1901-1918), explained that pisco was a valued brandy produced in Peru and Chile, and that its name originated from the Peruvian port of Pisco.

Chilean-German linguist Rodolfo Lenz also mentioned it as a fine grape brandy in his “Etymological Dictionary of Chilean Words Derived from Native American Languages” (1905-1911).

In 1916, a law was enacted granting tax exemption to natural piscos, those produced directly from special grapes without additives and bottled by the producers themselves. From then on, commercial brands such as “Pisco Lorenzo Bauzá” and “Pisco Tres Erres” began to emerge.

In 1931, through a decree with the force of law, the government of President Carlos Ibáñez del Campo established the denomination of origin “pisco” in Chile for the grape distillates from the regions of Copiapó, Huasco, La Serena, Elqui, and Ovalle, located in the provinces of Atacama and Coquimbo.

These events marked the recognition and regulation of Chilean pisco as a distinct and unique brandy, setting it apart from Peruvian pisco.

In response to the Great Depression in the 1930s, the Chilean pisco industry was affected, and small family businesses faced economic difficulties. In 1931, nine entrepreneurs in the industry formed an informal association called “Embotellación Única” to control the production and quality of pisco. This led to the enactment of Decree Law 181 that same year. In May 1933, the Agrarian Cooperative and Pisquero Control of Elqui Limitada, known as Pisco Control, was permanently established. This cooperative obtained legal personality and marketed its product under the brand “Pisco Control.”

In August 1933, Law 5231 established tax benefits and stricter regulations for the denomination of origin of pisco. It reserved the name “pisco” exclusively for the distilled brandies from grape must obtained in certain regions of Chile. It also prohibited the use of the name “pisco” for any beverage not exclusively made from the distillation of grapes from those areas.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Carrito de compra0
There are no products in the cart!
Continue shopping