Distilled Spirits - Whiskey - United States
Bourbon: Bourbon is a type of American whiskey primarily distilled from a grain mixture that includes at least 51% corn. It is aged in new charred oak barrels, which gives it its characteristic flavor. To be considered bourbon, the whiskey must be distilled and bottled in the United States.
Regulations: Bourbon must adhere to certain regulations to carry that designation. Its distillation cannot exceed 80% alcohol by volume (160 proof) and must be bottled at a minimum of 40% alcohol by volume (80 proof). Additionally, it must age in new charred oak barrels for at least two years.
Tennessee whiskey is a specific type of American whiskey produced in the state of Tennessee, following a unique distillation and filtration process. While it shares similarities with bourbon, Tennessee whiskey is distinguished by its filtration method known as the “Lincoln County Process.”
The Lincoln County Process involves filtering the distillate through sugar maple charcoal (also known as maple charcoal) before being aged in oak barrels. This filtration takes place after distillation and before aging, and the distillate is passed through a layer of maple charcoal. This process smooths the flavor of the whiskey by removing impurities and gives Tennessee whiskey its distinctive taste.
The most recognized brand of Tennessee whiskey is Jack Daniel’s, which is produced at the eponymous distillery in Lynchburg, Tennessee. Jack Daniel’s is known for its smoothness and distinctive flavor, partly attributed to the Lincoln County filtration process.
Similar to bourbon, Tennessee whiskey must comply with certain regulations to carry its designation. It must be distilled at a concentration not exceeding 80% alcohol by volume (160 proof) and bottled at no less than 40% alcohol by volume (80 proof). Additionally, it must age in new charred oak barrels for a minimum period of two years.
In the next post, we will conclude with the whiskies of the United States…