Sparkling Wines – Types of Grapes

Sparkling Wines - Types of Grapes

The production of sparkling wines is a complex process that involves careful selection of the grapes to be used. There are different types of grapes used for making sparkling wines, with the most popular being Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Pinot Meunier. The choice of grape or combination of grapes will depend on the type of sparkling wine desired.

Most sparkling wines are made by blending Chardonnay and Pinot Noir, with a typical ratio of 60% to 40%. This combination results in a high-quality sparkling wine with a smooth and balanced texture. On the other hand, Blanc de blancs are made exclusively from 100% Chardonnay grapes, resulting in a very fresh and light sparkling wine.

Blanc de noirs champagnes, on the other hand, are made with 100% Pinot Noir or red grapes, which are subjected to a specific fast pressing technique to avoid the red color staining the extracted must. This results in a high-quality sparkling wine with a smooth and creamy texture and a delicate and fruity flavor.

Champagne
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Each grape variety used in the production of sparkling wines has its own unique characteristics. Chardonnay is a white grape variety commonly used in the production of white sparkling wines. Its flavor is fruity and fresh, with notes of green apple and citrus. Pinot Noir, on the other hand, is a red grape variety with white pulp, making it ideal for making rosé sparkling wines. It has a smooth and fruity flavor with notes of strawberries and raspberries.
Another red grape variety with white pulp is Pinot Meunier, which is commonly used in the production of red sparkling wines. Its flavor is smooth and balanced, with notes of black fruits and spices.
As for the types of sparkling wines available in the market, there are three main types: white, rosé, and red. White sparkling wines are made from white grapes, while rosé sparkling wines are made from red grapes. Red sparkling wines, on the other hand, are made from red grapes and undergo a longer maceration process, giving them their characteristic intense red color.

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